Many healthcare decisions—such as, portfolio optimization, benefit-risk assessment (BRA), health technology assessment (HTA), and shared decision making (SDM)—require a careful assessment of the underlying options and the criteria used to judge these options. This assessment can be challenging given the trade-offs between multiple value criteria. In light of this, many decision makers have begun investigating the use of multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) in support of these decisions. This course provides an introduction to MCDA for health care. The course will focus on the use of MCDA for HTA and will be organized around the following parts: (1) Introduction to MCDA: What is it and how is it being use in HTA?; (2) Implementing MCDA 1: Practical tips when implementing MCDA; (3) Implementing MCDA 2: Methodological options when designing an MCDA; and (4) Using MCDA for HTA. Challenges and possible solutions. These parts are designed to familiarize participants with the steps involved in undertaking an MCDA, the alternative ways of implementing these steps, and good practice guidelines.
The course will also review the current MCDA HTA landscape, including current use of MCDA for HTA and the challenges this poses. The course is designed for those unfamiliar with MCDA, but who have a basic understanding of other evaluation methodologies. The course is designed for those unfamiliar with MCDA, but who have a basic understanding of other evaluation methodologies.