Baron in a Health Affairs blog post used a case of acute appendicitis as an example for when 100 percent can prove problematic.
” … The best surgeons are wrong sometimes,” Baron writes. “They operate on patients who don’t have appendicitis. If a surgeon is right about acute appendicitis 100 percent of the time, they are waiting too long. More of their patients will have a burst appendix while the surgeon is waiting to be certain. And that is a far worse outcome than unnecessarily removing an appendix.”